Analyzing tissue perfusion is a common task in many medical procedures as it elucidates the viability of the tissue being examined. Monitoring perfusion parameters is of vital importance in wound healing, identifying ischemic occlusions, assessing success in reconstructive flap surgery, and evaluating microcirculation impairment in patients with peripheral artery disease. Laser Speckle Imaging (LSI) is an established imaging modality that allows monitoring of perfusion in the tissue sample. Currently available systems are:
- Too bulky
- Very expensive (> $50,000)
- Require considerable energy and software/systems processing capacity
- Provide qualitative information only
For usage during surgery or post-operative monitoring, portable devices are preferred.
Inventors led by Prof. Guillermo Aguilar and Dr. Aditya Pandya at UCR have developed a novel, portable perfusion monitor by leveraging the computing capabilities of commercial vision processing systems-on-modules (SOMs) to perform Laser Speckle Imaging at video rates. The developed prototype acquires images to visualize variations in perfusion.
LSI imager prototype. An LSI camera was attached to the computer chip.
Average variance within ROI plotted for temporal (A) and spatial images(B) for two exposure times 500µs and 1000µs. Shaded regions represent +/- 1 standard deviation.
The significant aspects of this novel device are:
- Simultaneously provides spatial and temporal variance images.
- It is possible to visualize flow regimes.
- The system is robust and efficient allowing for low-latency data processing that is important for real-time image processing.
- Can be used with existing display technologies (e.g., smartphones), furthering the technology’s portability, adaptability and usability in various, relevant usage situations.
Applications that could benefit from this inexpensive, hand-held LSI device invention are:
- Point-of-care tissue analysis
- Intraoperative and perioperative applications
- Wound management
- Identifying ischemic occlusions
- Reconstructive flap surgery
- Patients with peripheral artery disease
Name: Venkata Krishnamurty