An extended adapter attached at the 5 prime end of polyA RNA bearing 7 methylguanosine allows for ionic current patterns to be measured through and past this 5 prime end. Features unique to this strand end including the triphosphate linker, the 5 prime to 5 prime linkage, and non biological components of the linker give unique ionic currents that could not predicted from prior art. These unanticipated ionic current features are important for identifying the 5 prime end of the RNA and for sequencing that 5 prime end at single nucleotide precision.
Nanopore sequencing requires a processive motor or other element to control the rate of RNA movement in single nucleotide steps through the nanopore sensor. The control element is typically situated several nucleotides from the sensor, therefore it necessarily releases before the end of the native RNA strand reaches the sensor. Thus, the bases along that terminal interval cannot be sequenced using conventional nanopore strategies.
Furthermore the nucleotide sequence near that end in many eukaryotic RNAs is not typical. An important example is polyadenylated (poly A) RNA which often bears a 7 methylguanosine cap at the 5 prime end. The linkage between this modied cap and its neighbor is inverted, i.e. the two nucleotides are connected via the 5 prime carbons of their ribose sugars through triphosphate linker, rather than by a typical 5 prime to 3 prime linkage via a phosphodiester bond.
Name: Jeff Jackson
Phone: (831) 459-3976