The process is illustrated below. A 3' adapter and a 5' adapter are ligated to a sequence of interest. The 3' adapter includes a 2-D nucleic acid structure such as a G-quadruplex structure. It also includes a site for binding a processive enzyme such as a helicase. Charge differential across the nanopore causes a single-stranded nucleic acid polymer to be captured by and enter the nanopore for sequencing.
The 2-D structure and the processive enzyme at the 3' end prevent the nucleic acid polymer from fully transiting through the nanopore. Then action by the processive enzyme pulls the nucleic acid back through the nanopore where it can be sequenced in the opposite direction. When the processive enzyme reaches the 5' adapter, abasic sites incorporated into the 5' adapter result in the dissociation of the processive enzyme from the strand of interest.
The process can continue through an indefinite number of iterations.
A nanopore sensor can be used to sequence nucleic acid polymers by suspending a protein channel in a membrane and appllying a voltage across the membrane. When a nucleic acid polymer passes through the nanopore, it partially blocks the ionic current through the nanopore in a characteristic way unique to the sequence of the polymer. At the time of this disclosure, nanopore sequencing techniques could only provide a single read of the nucleic acid polymer. Multiple reads of the polymer could improve the accuracy of nanopore sequencing.
Multiple passes on the same molecule can increase the accuracy of nanopore sequencing
Direct DNA or RNA sequencing
Issued claims to nucleotide constructs, methods, and kits.
- Long read sequencing
- Nanopore sequencing
Name: Jeff Jackson
Phone: (831) 459-3976