- Covalently linking proteins and nucleic acids
- Multiplex “one-pot” protein labeling
- Molecular machine assembly
- DNA based drug delivery
- Synthesis of DNA scaffolds for various biotechnology applications
Key Benefits & Differentiators
- Less disruptive to protein function: because HUH are small proteins composed of only approximately 100 amino acids
- A diverse range of targets: HUH proteins are able to recognize specific DNA sequences of standard nucleotides (instead of modified bases) and over 20 HUH proteins are known
- Increased stability: HUH proteins use tyrosine as the catalytic residue which is less prone to deactivation by oxidation
Self-labeling enzymes such as the SNAP-tag, CLIP-tag, and HALO-tag are popular systems for specific protein-DNA bioconjugation. While these fusion tags are useful and efficient, they require the incorporation of expensive modified nucleotides bases and additional purification steps, which is costly and time-consuming. In addition, current protein tagging solutions use catalytic amino acids vulnerable to deactivation and are more likely to interfere with protein function due to the large size of the fusion enzymes used. Ultimately, current technologies offer a limited number of orthogonal or non-cross reactive self-labeling enzymes, which pose a bottleneck for the development of multiplexed applications reliant on protein-DNA linkages, such as protein barcoding.
To address this gap researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a suite of HUH enzymes (HUH-tags) for the covalent linkage of proteins and nucleic acids. ,. HUH are small proteins (~100 amino acids) found in viruses and mobile DNA elements which recognize and cleave single-stranded DNA in a sequence-specific manner. These very small proteins can be engineered to bind many DNA sequences with minimal interference and utilize, more stable chemistry than pre-existing protein tags. Multiple HUH tags have been tested and work very robustly, and these tags can be used to fuse multiple types of proteins to nucleic acids (nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cell-surface proteins). The chemistry works both in-vitro and in mammalian cells and multiple proteins can be labeled simultaneously in “one-pot” reactions. A large number of available HUH enzymes expand the possibilities for orthogonal protein labeling and enable related applications in nucleic acid origami, molecular machine assembly, DNA-based drug delivery, and gene editing applications.
Phase of Development
The versatility of HUH-tags has been demonstrated in multiple applications: For enhancement of HDR, to increase the efficiency of Cas9-mediated gene editing To create Antibody-AAV capsid composites for altered AAV cell tropism The construction of doubly DNA-tethered proteins for single-molecule studies In cellular imaging in live and fixed cells.
This technology is now available for:
- Sponsored research
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Wendy Gordon, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics
Name: Rayla Vilar