Unmet Need: Efficient hydrogen cooling
Increasing the efficiency of hydrogen liquefaction is critical to the use of hydrogen as a clean fuel. Upon cooling, hydrogen undergoes a spin conversion from mainly orthohydrogen to mainly parahydrogen preceding condensation. Unfortunately, this conversion is very slow and produces heat which complicates efficient hydrogen cooling.
The Technology: Solid-state diode promoting spin conversion of hydrogen leading to cooling
The inventors have developed a method to promote the necessary spin conversion while removing the energy produced from the spin conversion, resulting in more efficient hydrogen cooling and liquefaction. The inventors developed a solid-state diode with a voltage potential corresponding to the energy required to promote ortho-para spin state conversion in hydrogen, which allows for controlled cooling or heating of adsorbed hydrogen depending on the applied potential.
- Hydrogen liquefaction
- Utilization of waste heat
- Efficient refrigeration
- Energy conversion
- Solid-state cooling
- Provisional patent filed